DNS RFC References

https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1123
:RFC standard for naming host names

2.1 Host Names and Numbers

The syntax of a legal Internet host name was specified in RFC-952
[DNS:4]. One aspect of host name syntax is hereby changed: the
restriction on the first character is relaxed to allow either a
letter or a digit. Host software MUST support this more liberal
syntax.

Host software MUST handle host names of up to 63 characters and
SHOULD handle host names of up to 255 characters.

Whenever a user inputs the identity of an Internet host, it SHOULD
be possible to enter either (1) a host domain name or (2) an IP
address in dotted-decimal (“#.#.#.#”) form. The host SHOULD check
the string syntactically for a dotted-decimal number before
looking it up in the Domain Name System.

Other references
DOMAIN NAMES – CONCEPTS AND FACILITIES

DOMAIN ADMINISTRATORS OPERATIONS GUIDE